October 19, 2019

874 words 5 mins read



[MSG-GAN] Any body can GAN! Highly stable and robust architecture. Requires little to no hyperparameter tuning.

repo name akanimax/BMSG-GAN
repo link https://github.com/akanimax/BMSG-GAN
language Python
size (curr.) 160950 kB
stars (curr.) 388
created 2018-12-26
license MIT License


[:star: New :star:] Please head over to BBMSG-GAN to stay in sync with our current research. In order to match the performance of ProGANs, we increased the size of the Discriminator (the one here in BMSG-GAN is technically half that of ProGAN) and use tricks like Batch Spoofing. The BBMSG-GAN also has tensorboard support and FID logging feature during training. The results obtained using BBMSG-GAN are the best (better than the ones here) till now, especially on higher resolutions. We would recommend using BBMSG-GAN (Big Discriminator) for higher resolution Image Synthesis. Further experiments (along with research developments) are still in progress, hence it is kept as a separate repository.

Official code repository for the paper “MSG-GAN: Multi-Scale Gradient GAN for Stable Image Synthesis” [arXiv]


Training is now supported on AWS SageMaker. Please read https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sagemaker/latest/dg/pytorch.html

MSG-GAN: Multi-Scale Gradient GAN for Stable Image Synthesis

Abstract: While Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) have seen huge successes in image synthesis tasks, they are notoriously difficult to use, in part due to instability during training. One commonly accepted reason for this instability is that gradients passing from the discriminator to the generator can quickly become uninformative, due to a learning imbalance during training. In this work, we propose the Multi-Scale Gradient Generative Adversarial Network (MSG-GAN), a simple but effective technique for addressing this problem which allows the flow of gradients from the discriminator to the generator at multiple scales. This technique provides a stable approach for generating synchronized multi-scale images. We present a very intuitive implementation of the mathematical MSG-GAN framework which uses the concatenation operation in the discriminator computations. We empirically validate the effect of our MSG-GAN approach through experiments on the CIFAR10 and Oxford102 flowers datasets and compare it with other relevant techniques which perform multi-scale image synthesis. In addition, we also provide details of our experiment on CelebA-HQ dataset for synthesizing 1024 x 1024 high resolution images.

An explanatory training time-lapse video/gif for the MSG-GAN. The higher resolution layers initially display plain colour blocks but eventually (very soon) the training penetrates all layers and then they all work in unison to produce better samples. Please observe the first few secs of the training, where the face like blobs appear in a sequential order from the lowest resolution to the highest resolution.

Multi-Scale Gradients architecture

Above figure explains how, during training, all the layers in the MSG-GAN first synchronize colour-wise and subsequently improve the generated images at various scales. The brightness of the images across all layers (scales) synchronizes eventually

Running the Code

Please note to use value of learning_rate=0.003 for both G and D for all experiments for best results. The model is quite robust and converges to a very similar FID or IS very quickly even for different learning rate settings. Please use the relativistic-hinge as the loss function (set as default) for training.

Start the training by running the train.py script in the sourcecode/ directory. Refer to the following parameters for tweaking for your own use:

-h, --help            show this help message and exit
  --generator_file GENERATOR_FILE
                        pretrained weights file for generator
  --generator_optim_file GENERATOR_OPTIM_FILE
                        saved state for generator optimizer
  --shadow_generator_file SHADOW_GENERATOR_FILE
                        pretrained weights file for the shadow generator
  --discriminator_file DISCRIMINATOR_FILE
                        pretrained_weights file for discriminator
  --discriminator_optim_file DISCRIMINATOR_OPTIM_FILE
                        saved state for discriminator optimizer
  --images_dir IMAGES_DIR
                        path for the images directory
  --folder_distributed FOLDER_DISTRIBUTED
                        whether the images directory contains folders or not
  --flip_augment FLIP_AUGMENT
                        whether to randomly mirror the images during training
  --sample_dir SAMPLE_DIR
                        path for the generated samples directory
  --model_dir MODEL_DIR
                        path for saved models directory
  --loss_function LOSS_FUNCTION
                        loss function to be used: standard-gan, wgan-gp,
                        lsgan,lsgan-sigmoid,hinge, relativistic-hinge
  --depth DEPTH         Depth of the GAN
  --latent_size LATENT_SIZE
                        latent size for the generator
  --batch_size BATCH_SIZE
                        batch_size for training
  --start START         starting epoch number
  --num_epochs NUM_EPOCHS
                        number of epochs for training
  --feedback_factor FEEDBACK_FACTOR
                        number of logs to generate per epoch
  --num_samples NUM_SAMPLES
                        number of samples to generate for creating the grid
                        should be a square number preferably
  --checkpoint_factor CHECKPOINT_FACTOR
                        save model per n epochs
  --g_lr G_LR           learning rate for generator
  --d_lr D_LR           learning rate for discriminator
  --adam_beta1 ADAM_BETA1
                        value of beta_1 for adam optimizer
  --adam_beta2 ADAM_BETA2
                        value of beta_2 for adam optimizer
  --use_eql USE_EQL     Whether to use equalized learning rate or not
  --use_ema USE_EMA     Whether to use exponential moving averages or not
  --ema_decay EMA_DECAY
                        decay value for the ema
  --data_percentage DATA_PERCENTAGE
                        percentage of data to use
  --num_workers NUM_WORKERS
                        number of parallel workers for reading files
Sample Training Run

For training a network at resolution 256 x 256, use the following arguments:

$ python train.py --depth=7 \ 
                  --latent_size=512 \
                  --images_dir=<path to images> \
                  --sample_dir=samples/exp_1 \

Set the batch_size, feedback_factor and checkpoint_factor accordingly. We used 2 Tesla V100 GPUs of the DGX-1 machine for our experimentation.

Generated samples on different datasets

Synchronized all-res generated samples

Cite our work

  title={MSG-GAN: Multi-Scale Gradient GAN for Stable Image Synthesis},
  author={Karnewar, Animesh and Wang, Oliver and Iyengar, Raghu Sesha},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:1903.06048},

Other Contributors :smile:


Please feel free to open PRs here if you train on other datasets using this architecture.

Best regards, @akanimax :)

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