November 9, 2018

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Google Sheets Python API

repo name burnash/gspread
repo link
language Python
size (curr.) 1341 kB
stars (curr.) 4565
created 2011-12-02
license MIT License

Google Spreadsheets Python API v4

Simple interface for working with Google Sheets.


  • Open a spreadsheet by title, key or url.
  • Read, write, and format cell ranges.
  • Sharing and access control.
  • Batching updates.


pip install gspread

Requirements: Python 2.7+ or Python 3+.

Basic Usage

  1. Obtain OAuth2 credentials from Google Developers Console

  2. Start using gspread:

import gspread

gc = gspread.authorize(credentials)

# Open a sheet from a spreadsheet in one go
wks ="Where is the money Lebowski?").sheet1

# Update a range of cells using the top left corner address
wks.update('A1', [[1, 2], [3, 4]])

# Or update a single cell
wks.update('B42', "it's down there somewhere, let me take another look.")

# Format the header
wks.format('A1:B1', {'textFormat': {'bold': True}})

More Examples

Opening a Spreadsheet

# You can open a spreadsheet by its title as it appears in Google Docs
sh ='My poor gym results') # <-- Look ma, no keys!

# If you want to be specific, use a key (which can be extracted from
# the spreadsheet's url)
sht1 = gc.open_by_key('0BmgG6nO_6dprdS1MN3d3MkdPa142WFRrdnRRUWl1UFE')

# Or, if you feel really lazy to extract that key, paste the entire url
sht2 = gc.open_by_url('')

Creating a Spreadsheet

sh = gc.create('A new spreadsheet')

# But that new spreadsheet will be visible only to your script's account.
# To be able to access newly created spreadsheet you *must* share it
# with your email. Which brings us to…

Sharing a Spreadsheet

sh.share('', perm_type='user', role='writer')

Selecting a Worksheet

# Select worksheet by index. Worksheet indexes start from zero
worksheet = sh.get_worksheet(0)

# By title
worksheet = sh.worksheet("January")

# Most common case: Sheet1
worksheet = sh.sheet1

# Get a list of all worksheets
worksheet_list = sh.worksheets()

Creating a Worksheet

worksheet = sh.add_worksheet(title="A worksheet", rows="100", cols="20")

Deleting a Worksheet


Getting a Cell Value

# With label
val = worksheet.get('B1').first()

# With coords
val = worksheet.cell(1, 2).value

Getting All Values From a Row or a Column

# Get all values from the first row
values_list = worksheet.row_values(1)

# Get all values from the first column
values_list = worksheet.col_values(1)

Getting All Values From a Worksheet as a List of Lists

list_of_lists = worksheet.get_all_values()

Finding a Cell

# Find a cell with exact string value
cell = worksheet.find("Dough")

print("Found something at R%sC%s" % (cell.row, cell.col))

# Find a cell matching a regular expression
amount_re = re.compile(r'(Big|Enormous) dough')
cell = worksheet.find(amount_re)

Finding All Matched Cells

# Find all cells with string value
cell_list = worksheet.findall("Rug store")

# Find all cells with regexp
criteria_re = re.compile(r'(Small|Room-tiering) rug')
cell_list = worksheet.findall(criteria_re)

Updating Cells

# Update a single cell
worksheet.update('B1', 'Bingo!')

# Update a range
worksheet.update('A1:B2', [[1, 2], [3, 4]])

# Update multiple ranges at once
    'range': 'A1:B2',
    'values': [['A1', 'B1'], ['A2', 'B2']],
}, {
    'range': 'J42:K43',
    'values': [[1, 2], [3, 4]],



How to Contribute

Please make sure to take a moment and read the Code of Conduct.

Ask Questions

The best way to get an answer to a question is to ask on Stack Overflow with a gspread tag.

Report Issues

Please report bugs and suggest features via the GitHub Issues.

Before opening an issue, search the tracker for possible duplicates. If you find a duplicate, please add a comment saying that you encountered the problem as well.

Improve Documentation

If you spot areas in documentation that you think could be better, please submit a pull request. Docs are located in docs folder, use reStructuredText markup and rendered by Sphinx.

Contribute code

Please make sure to read the Contributing Guide before making a pull request.

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