September 28, 2019

447 words 3 mins read



Graph Neural Networks with Keras and Tensorflow 2.

repo name danielegrattarola/spektral
repo link
language Python
size (curr.) 5704 kB
stars (curr.) 589
created 2019-01-17
license MIT License

Welcome to Spektral

Spektral is a Python library for graph deep learning, based on the Keras API and TensorFlow 2. The main goal of this project is to provide a simple but flexible framework for creating graph neural networks (GNNs).

You can use Spektral for classifying the nodes of a network, predicting molecular properties, generating new graphs with GANs, clustering nodes, predicting links, and any other task where data is described by graphs.

Spektral implements some of the most popular layers for graph deep learning, including:

You can also find pooling layers, including:

Spektral also includes lots of utilities for your graph deep learning projects.

See how to get started with Spektral and have a look at the examples for some templates.

The source code of the project is available on Github.
Read the documentation here.


Spektral is compatible with Python 3.5+, and is tested on Ubuntu 16.04+ and MacOS. Other Linux distros should work as well, but Windows is not supported for now.

To install the required dependencies on Ubuntu run:

sudo apt install graphviz libgraphviz-dev libcgraph6

Some optional features of Spektral also depend on RDKit, a library for cheminformatics and molecule manipulation (available through Anaconda).

The simplest way to install Spektral is from PyPi:

pip install spektral

To install Spektral from source, run this in a terminal:

git clone
cd spektral
python install  # Or 'pip install .'

To install Spektral on Google Colab:

! apt install graphviz libgraphviz-dev libcgraph6
! pip install spektral

TensorFlow 1 and Keras

Starting from version 0.3, Spektral only supports TensorFlow 2 and tf.keras. The old version of Spektral, which is based on TensorFlow 1 and the stand-alone Keras library, is still available on the tf1 branch on GitHub and can be installed from source:

git clone
cd spektral
git checkout tf1
python install  # Or 'pip install .'

In the future, the TF1-compatible version of Spektral (<0.2) will receive bug fixes, but all new features will only support TensorFlow 2.


Spektral is an open source project available on Github, and contributions of all types are welcome. Feel free to open a pull request if you have something interesting that you want to add to the framework.

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