June 27, 2019

474 words 3 mins read



A familiar HTTP Service Framework for Python.

repo name taoufik07/responder
repo link https://github.com/taoufik07/responder
homepage https://responder.readthedocs.io
language Python
size (curr.) 12288 kB
stars (curr.) 3440
created 2018-10-09
license Other

Responder: a familiar HTTP Service Framework for Python

Build Status Documentation Status image image image image

Powered by Starlette. That async declaration is optional. View documentation.

This gets you a ASGI app, with a production static files server pre-installed, jinja2 templating (without additional imports), and a production webserver based on uvloop, serving up requests with gzip compression automatically.


“Pleasantly very taken with python-responder. @kennethreitz at his absolute best.” —Rudraksh M.K.

“ASGI is going to enable all sorts of new high-performance web services. It’s awesome to see Responder starting to take advantage of that.” — Tom Christie author of Django REST Framework

“I love that you are exploring new patterns. Go go go!” — Danny Greenfield, author of Two Scoops of Django

More Examples

See the documentation’s feature tour for more details on features available in Responder.

Installing Responder

Install the stable release:

$ pipenv install responder

Or, install from the development branch:

$ pipenv install -e git+https://github.com/taoufik07/responder.git#egg=responder

Only Python 3.6+ is supported.

The Basic Idea

The primary concept here is to bring the niceties that are brought forth from both Flask and Falcon and unify them into a single framework, along with some new ideas I have. I also wanted to take some of the API primitives that are instilled in the Requests library and put them into a web framework. So, you’ll find a lot of parallels here with Requests.

  • Setting resp.content sends back bytes.
  • Setting resp.text sends back unicode, while setting resp.html sends back HTML.
  • Setting resp.media sends back JSON/YAML (.text/.html/.content override this).
  • Case-insensitive req.headers dict (from Requests directly).
  • resp.status_code, req.method, req.url, and other familiar friends.


  • Flask-style route expression, with new capabilities – all while using Python 3.6+’s new f-string syntax.
  • I love Falcon’s “every request and response is passed into to each view and mutated” methodology, especially response.media, and have used it here. In addition to supporting JSON, I have decided to support YAML as well, as Kubernetes is slowly taking over the world, and it uses YAML for all the things. Content-negotiation and all that.
  • A built in testing client that uses the actual Requests you know and love.
  • The ability to mount other WSGI apps easily.
  • Automatic gzipped-responses.
  • In addition to Falcon’s on_get, on_post, etc methods, Responder features an on_request method, which gets called on every type of request, much like Requests.
  • A production static file server is built-in.
  • Uvicorn built-in as a production web server. I would have chosen Gunicorn, but it doesn’t run on Windows. Plus, Uvicorn serves well to protect against slowloris attacks, making nginx unnecessary in production.
  • GraphQL support, via Graphene. The goal here is to have any GraphQL query exposable at any route, magically.
  • Provide an official way to run webpack.
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